Websites and PDF Resources
Oregon’s Unmet Childcare Needs
Learning & The Brain
The Riley Institute at Furman University
Early Childhood Education: Quality and Access Pay Off
Montessori Preschool Elevates and Equalizes Child Outcomes: A Longitudinal Study
Four Big Benefits of Investing in Early Childhood Development
Promoting Skills | Archbridge Institute
Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius (book)
Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain
AEME Montessori Classroom Learning Slides
What is Practical Life?
- The everyday routines and practices of life
- A chance for the child to explore their natural curiosities
- Care of self
- Care of the environment
- Grace and courtesy
- Developing the Mathematical Mind
“Help me to help myself!”
Children thrive when freely given the opportunity to care for themselves.
In community, children learn to love and care for their environment.
Environment, activity, and motor function.
- watering plants
- using a mortar and pestle
- washing clothes
- washing the leaves of plants
Grace and Courtesy
Respecting and looking out for the community, Grace & Courtesy are lessons in social skills, cooperation, and healthy boundaries.
Developing the Mathematical Mind
- Logical movements and sequences
- Refinement of movements through repetition
- Control of error
Beautiful, interactive objects help teach through shapes, colors …
… and physical examples of more advanced concepts.
Size, weight, and color help children to see and feel quantities alongside written numbers
As concepts grow from simple to complex, the child transitions from concrete objects …
… to more abstract materials
Children use their senses to meet the world around them.
The sensorial materials in the Montessori classroom help the child become aware of details.
Materials show the child one quality at a time, such as color, size, shape, texture, weight, and sound
In community, children learn to love and care for their environment, like watering plants …
Activities with sensorial materials help the child to understand what they are perceiving.
Sensorial materials allow children to categorize and to relate new information to what they already know.
As the child progresses through the sensorial lessons, the teacher introduces new words to name what he is experiencing.
Words of Comparison
- large, medium, small
- long, longer, longest
- rough and smooth
- heavy and light
All the vocabulary used to describe the world
At 3 years old, most children have many words that they use with their families.
When the child begins school we continue using those same words from home, adding new ones from classroom lessons.
Oral language is the beginning
We read books and sing songs to play with words.
Once a child has enough words to communicate well, we practice hearing the sounds that make up those words
Sound to Letters
Using their ears, they listen to each sound, and then say them separately.
Then the symbol for each letter sound is introduced with the Sandpaper Letters.
Tracing to Writing
The teacher shows the child how to trace the letter, and says the sound that it represents.
The child practices tracing and saying the sound of each letter.
Once she is familiar with the shape and sound, she can practice writing the letter on her own.
As children learn the sounds of the letters, they can begin to make their own words with the movable alphabet.
They build words using phonetic sounds, so their spelling can be different than what adults are used to.
As the child learns to write the words they are inspired to, they discover they can read their own words, and that others can read them too.
This grows into reading.